EPA Waste Data Release, 20 December 2017
Latest Reference Year 2014
Municipal waste recovery increased from 59% to 79% between 2012 and 2014 due to the increase in municipal residual waste used as a fuel.
Municipal waste recycling was 41% in 2014 compared to 40% in 2012.
Municipal waste recycled, used as a fuel and disposed to landfill (ktonnes), 2010, 2012 and 2014
Municipal waste is household as well as commercial and other waste that because of its nature or composition is similar to household waste. Municipal waste includes residual waste, dry recyclables (glass, plastic, paper & board, metals), food and garden waste, bulky waste, waste electrical and electronic equipment and batteries. Municipal sludges and effluents are not included in scope.
- 2,575 kilotonnes of municipal waste was managed in 2014 (4% increase compared to 2012).
- 79% of managed municipal waste was recovered (59% in 2012). Recovery includes treatment processes such as recycling, use as a fuel (incineration and co-incineration) and backfilling.
- 41% of managed municipal waste was recycled (40% in 2012). Recycling includes reprocessing of waste materials into products, composting and anaerobic digestion.
- 21% of managed municipal waste was disposed (41% in 2012).
Municipal residual waste treatment has undergone significant change in Ireland in recent years, with less disposed to landfill and more sent for use as a fuel. This reflects a similar trend across EU Member States.
The future focus for municipal waste treatment will be to prevent it arising (with a particular focus on food waste), increase preparation for reuse (e.g. waste electrical and electronic equipment) and increase recycling. Ireland’s recycling rate didn’t change significantly between 2012 and 2014. With more challenging recycling rates proposed under the Circular Economy Package, Ireland will need initiatives and policies to improve municipal recycling rates.
Municipal waste managed (ktonnes), 2007 to 2014
|Treatment type||Recovery code(s)||2012 (tonnes)||2014 (tonnes)|
|Material recycling||R2-R11 (excluding part of R3)||828,492||863,172|
|Composting and digestion||Part of R3||156,212||180,017|
|Incineration / energy recovery||R1||427,093||893,030|
|Treatment type||Disposal code(s)||2012 (tonnes)||2014 (tonnes)|
|Incineration / disposal||D10||49||92|
|Landfill / disposal||D1-D7, D12||1,027,577||536,530|
|Total municipal waste managed||2,478,337||2,575,218|
|Total municipal waste generated (generated = managed + estimate household unmanaged waste) (see note)||2,692,537||2,619,023|
|Note: The methodology for estimating household unmanaged waste was revised for 2014 reference year.|
|% Recovery (of managed)||59%||79%|
|% Recycling (of managed)||40%||41%|
|% Disposal (of managed)||41%||21%|
|Municipal waste generated by origin, 2014||Tonnes|
|Waste generated by households||1,437,468|
|Waste generated by other sources||1,181,554|
|Municipal waste generated by type of waste, 2014||Tonnes|
|Generation of household and similar waste||2,345,238|
|Generation of bulky waste||236,511|
|Generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment||37,274|
|Municipal waste managed (tonnes)||3,174,565||3,103,820||2,824,977||2,580,435||2,558,345||2,478,337||Note 1||2,575,218|
|Note 1: 2013 is an interim reporting year and municipal waste managed data were not collected|
EPA Waste Data Release, 15 March 2018
Latest Reference Year 2017
Biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) comprises those elements of the municipal waste streams that will rot or degrade biologically, for example food waste, garden & parks waste and paper & cardboard. Under the Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) there are targets for the diversion of BMW from disposal to landfill. Diversion of BMW from landfill will assist mitigation of odour nuisance, reduce the aftercare burden for landfills and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The quantity of BMW disposed to landfill in 2017 was 307 ktonnes, compared to 390 ktonnes in 2016 (27 per cent decrease).
- Ireland has met all Landfill Directive targets for diversion of BMW from disposal to landfill to date.
- Five landfills accepted municipal waste for disposal in 2017 compared to twenty-five in 2010.
- The tonnage of BMW disposed to landfill decreased year on year up to 2014 but increased in 2015 and again in 2016. In 2016 the amount of municipal waste exported for waste-to-energy recovery decreased and this resulted in an increase in municipal waste disposed to landfill.
- A second municipal incineration plant came into operation in Q2 2017 and this additional waste-to-energy capacity has resulted in a decrease in municipal residual waste disposed to landfill.
- It is very important that there is adequate treatment infrastructure in the State to manage the increasing diversion from landfill of biodegradable waste and that recovery of waste is favoured over disposal, in line with the EU waste hierarchy.
BMW quantity disposed to landfill compared to Landfill Directive limits, 2010 to 2020
|Waste stream||BMW tonnes 2013||BMW tonnes 2014||BMW tonnes 2015||BMW tonnes 2016||BMW tonnes 2017|
|2-bin residual commercial waste||52,847||31,227||27,318||54,228||35,306|
|2-bin residual household waste||75,311||57,143||36,423||64,834||53,285|
|3-bin residual commercial waste||43,679||28,081||40,518||30,501||23,229|
|3-bin residual household waste||51,648||31,989||45,089||98,775||72,558|
|Bulky waste from sorting of municipal waste skips||30,130||26,736||39,663||50,155||44,319|
|Fines residues from municipal bin collections (wet waste)||162||0||23||53||703|
|Fines residues from municipal waste skips||3,914||18||77||48||591|
|Oversize residues from municipal waste bin collections (wet waste)||13,112||6,696||8,465||10,087||5,347|
|Ovesize residues from municipal waste skips||32,300||54,755||32,563||24,677||18,753|
|Residual municipal waste from civic amenity facility||6,672||6,901||2,921||1,124||1,168|
|Residues from source separated recyclable waste (clean materials recovery facility)||6,748||4,175||553||4,807||2,233|
|Untreated 1-bin commercial waste||1,077||497||0||0||2|
|Untreated 1-bin household waste||68||0||0||0||8|
|Untreated cleansing waste (fly-tipping, street bins, road sweepings etc.)||1,912||1,533||507||325||1,053|
|Untreated municipal waste skip waste||555||0||0||0||0|