End-of-Life Vehicle Statistics for Ireland

EPA Waste Data Release, 26 October 2018

Latest Reference Year 2016

Continuing the upward trend in the reuse, recycling and recovery of ELVs in recent years, Ireland achieved the 2015 ELV Directive reuse and recycling target in 2016. However, as in 2015, the reuse and recovery target was not acheived.

End-of-life vehicles reuse, recycling and recovery percentages 2009-2016 and distance to target

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Key Trends

  • More than 98,000 ELVs were treated in Ireland in 2016. This is nearly 24% more than in 2015.
  • For all ELVs, reuse and recovery shall be a minimum of 95% by an average weight per vehicle, and reuse and recycling shall be a minimum of 85% by an average weight per vehicle.
  • Ireland achieved a reuse and recycling percentage of 86 and a reuse and recovery percentage of 93.
  • More reuse of ELV components at ATFs and/or increased recycling and other recovery along the waste recovery network will be needed to meet the EU reuse and recovery target.
  • Vehicle manufacturers and importers have obligations to meet the ELV Directive targets (producer responsibility initiative). An ELV compliance scheme, ELV Environmental Services (ELVES), was launched in 2017 to work on behalf of vehicle manufacturers and importers to meet the targets.

Treatment of ELVs

ELVs are passenger cars and small commercial vehicles that have reached end of life.
In a first treatment step, ELVs are depolluted (e.g. draining waste oils, removal of batteries) at Authorised Treatment Facilities (ATFs). ATFs are waste facilities authorised to accept and depollute ELVs, and to issue certificates of destruction for ELVs they accept. Apart from depollution, treatment at ATFs often includes removal of parts, such as mirrors and tyres, for reuse or for recovery. Depolluted ELVs are sent to metal shredding facilities to recover ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The residue of the shredding process undergoes post-shredder recovery of materials or is sent for disposal.

Data collection

To estimate ELV information, the EPA uses data provided by ATFs as a part of their annual legal reporting obligations. The facilities submit information on the number of ELVs they accepted and depolluted; on spare parts taken off for reuse and on the waste materials sent for recycling and other recovery in Ireland and abroad. Certain specified waste ceases to be waste (end-of-waste) when it has undergone a recovery operation and complies with specific criteria. End-of-waste criteria exist for iron, steel and aluminium scrap. Some scrap metal from ELV shredding meets the end-of-waste status in Ireland.

Open in Excel: Table 1 ELV recovery rates, 2009 - 2016 (XLS 10KB)