eDiesel – Barriers and Benefits

Final Report for the ERTDI-funded project: 2005-ET-DS-18-M3

Summary: STRIVE Report 5 - Fergal Purcell

Published: 2008

ISBN: 1-84095-265-2

Pages: 60

Filesize: 2,568KB

Format: pdf

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Energy use for transport comprises a significant and ever increasing proportion of energy use in Ireland. From 1990 to 2005, the transport sector’s share of the total final energy consumption increased from 27.8% to over 40%. Final energy use in the transport sector has grown by 151% (6.3% per annum on average) between 1990 and 2005. The transport sector is also the sector most dependant on imported fossil fuels with resultant impacts on security of fuel supplies and exposure to oil price fluctuations.

CO2 emissions from the transport sector in 2005 were 15 270 kilotonnes, representing over 33% of total energy-related CO2 emissions.Using biofuels reduces dependency on imported oil and the environmental impacts of transport energy use, in particular greenhouse gas emissions. Using biofuels also creates national and local economic benefits by creating an indigenous biofuels industry.

The EU Biofuels Directive (2003/30/EC) requires that national targets for the use of biofuels should be set and suggests a non-binding ‘reference value’ for these targets of 2% for 2005 and 5.75% for 2010. To date, use of biofuels in Ireland has been limited although use is expected to rise to 2.24% of total fuel use in 2008 due to exemptions granted under the government’s biofuels excise relief scheme. Additionally, the government has recently signalled the introduction of a biofuels obligation that would require biofuels to comprise 5.75% of the fuel market by 2009 and 10% by 2020.

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