General Citizen Science Information
Although citizen science is a relatively new term, citizens have been participating in and contributing to scientific research for years. The widespread use of smartphones means that scientific data can now be very easily shared and mapped, resulting in a rapid increase in the number and type of citizen science research projects. A number of organisations and projects have been established to help the coordination and communication of citizen science across Europe.
European Cooperation in Science and TEchnology (COST)
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) framework supports trans-national cooperation among researchers, industry and academics across Europe. This organisation is funding a COST Action to support the European Citizen Science Association in the networking of over 200 citizen scientists in 37 countries.
European Citizen Science Association
The European Citizen Science Association (ESCA) is a non-profit association set up to encourage the growth of the citizen science movement in Europe, mainly by initiating and supporting citizen science projects as well as performing research on citizen science.
The European Commission recognises the potential of citizen science to contribute to environmental reporting in its recent report on Actions to Streamline Environmental Reporting and is currently working to develop guidelines regarding the use of citizen science data to complement official data.