This Plain English fact sheet outlines the work done by the EPA in monitoring Ireland’s rivers.
Summary: Ireland has more than 73,000 km of river channels. If placed end-to-end, they could encircle the Earth almost twice. Three-quarters of these channels are very small streams that typically flow into larger rivers.
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Biological monitoring has been carried out in Irish rivers since 1971. The current national river monitoring programme covers more than 13,000 km of river channel.
The national monitoring programme is run by the EPA and focuses on the main river channels rather than the smaller streams. The programme includes more than 2,800 sites sampled for biology, with almost half of these being sampled for physical and chemical parameters.https://www.epa.ie/media/epa-2020/monitoring-amp-assessment/freshwater-amp-marine/EPA_River-Monitoring_factsheet_thumb.jpg