End Of Life Vehicles Sectoral Report 2002

Summary: This report discusses some of the issues relevant to the implementation of the end-of-life vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC) in Ireland.

Published: 2002

ISBN: 1-84095-104-4

Pages: 39

Filesize: 442KB

Format: pdf

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Executive Summary

The European Parliament and Council Directive on End of Life Vehicles1 entered into force on 21 October 2000 and its implementation date was set for 21 April 2002. It contains a number of requirements in relation to recycling of end of life vehicles and producer responsibility. Specific targets are set out in relation to reuse, recycling and recovery of end of life vehicles, and Member States are required to provide a collection network in such a way that last owners are not required to pay the cost of delivery to authorised treatment facilities. The vehicle fleet in Ireland has increased steadily over the years, with a total of 1,682,221 vehicles, including 1,319,250 private cars, under current licence in 2000. The total vehicle fleet increased by almost 60 per cent between 1990 and 2000, with a 66 per cent increase in private cars in the same period.

The Directive provides for vehicles and end of life vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver seat, as well as those used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes. Three-wheeled vehicles are included also.

The uncontrolled disposal of end of life vehicles can pose a threat to the environment, due to the materials contained in them and also the method in which they are managed. They are often illegally abandoned to the environment, representing environmental degradation and a net financial loss to society. It has been estimated that abandoned vehicles may account for up to 7 per cent of total end of life vehicles in Europe (CEC, 1997). Traditionally, end of life vehicles have undergone relatively high levels of recycling. They contain up to 75% ferrous metal, which is easily recycled. There are a number of routes that an end of life vehicle may take in Ireland. At dismantling facilities, parts may be removed and sold for re-use. The rest of the end of life vehicle may be delivered to a metal merchant or directly to a metal shredder. Metal merchants often process the end of life vehicle by crushing, before delivery to one of the shredding facilities. Metal shredders process the metal to a required standard before it is shipped to a metal recycling company. In order to meet the targets set out in the Directive, it will be necessary to increase the recycling of the non-metal components in end of life vehicles, plastics in particular. From the 1 January 2002, end of life vehicles are classified as hazardous waste unless they have been depolluted, according to the revised European Waste Catalogue and Hazardous Waste List (EWC/HWL)2,3,4,5,6. The revised EWC/HWL now contains two entries relating to end of life vehicles, one hazardous and one nonhazardous. Similarly, shredder residue also now has two entries in the EWC/HWL, one hazardous and one nonhazardous. Since there is no definitive way of estimating end of life vehicle arisings in Ireland in the absence of a system of de-registration, several methods of estimation are used in this report. These consist of direct and indirect methods. The direct methods involve surveying metal recovery operators and the single metal recycler in Ireland which was in operation until June 2001.