Ionising Radiation Regulatory Fees – FAQ


Why are fees changing?

New regulations covering the use of ionising radiation were introduced in February 2019.  These new Regulations will allow for better targeting of regulatory effort in accordance with risk.  The new fee structure will reflect this new regulatory approach.


What is graded authorisation?

It is necessary to apply to the EPA for authorisation before carrying out any justified radiological practice.  The EPA has published a list of justified radiological practices on its website.  An undertaking applying for authorisation will be subject to an authorisation fee.
The new regulations provide for two forms of authorisation: registration and licencing.

  • Registration is appropriate for certain types of radiological practice, which have been shown to be of relatively low risk.  In general regulatory charges will decrease for undertakings having only registered practices
  • Licensing applies to higher risk practices requiring greater regulatory effort.  Licensees will be subject to an enforcement fee to cover the on-going cost of regulation.  In general regulatory charges will increase for undertakings subject to licensing.


What is the cost of registration?

The cost of registration is a once off fee of €300 for each radiological practice.
In the case of undertakings carrying out registerable dental radiology practices at multiple premises, a separate fee of €75 will apply for each premise.
Registrations are issued on an indefinite basis and do not need to be renewed.


Do registrations expire?

No- Registrations are issued on a perpetual basis and so undertakings having only registered practices will pay a once off fee for each authorised radiological practice.  Undertakings having only registered practices will not at this stage be subject to annual enforcement fees.

What is the cost of a licence?

The cost of a licence depends on the risk associated with the radiological practice(s).  A separate fee applies to each radiological practice for which authorisation is being sought.  The EPA has published a list of licence application charges on its website.

Why are licence charges increasing?

Licence fees are increasing for two reasons. 

  • Firstly, our current charges were set by in 2007 based on a review of our costs carried out by Grant Thornton in 2005.  These charges no longer reflect the true cost of providing the regulatory service.
  • Graded authorisation will allow us to redirect regulatory effort away from lower risk activities to more complex radiological practices.  The new fee structure is intended to reflect this approach.


What is an enforcement fee?

Enforcement fees are set annually and are intended to cover the ongoing cost of regulation (inspection, reviews, guidance, enforcement, advice, etc.).  Only licensees will be charged enforcement fees.


How are enforcement fees calculated?

Enforcement fees are calculated annually to allow the EPA to recover the full economic cost of its ongoing regulatory activity from the licensed community.  This is a two-step calculation as follows:
Step 1: Operating costs are reviewed based on the EPA’s most recent set of audited accounts.
Step 2: Each licensee is assigned to a risk category depending the full range of radiological practices carried out.  Enforcement fee are then calculated for each risk category so that the fees are proportionate to the regulatory effort associated with the category and overall cost recovery is achieved.


What happens when an undertaking is sold or transferred?

If an undertaking is sold or transferred, the new owner must apply for a registration or licence as appropriate in his or her own name as authorisations are non-transferable.