Latest Publications

Research 449

Research 449: Transboundary Climate Risks for the Island of Ireland (TCRII)

Authors: Conor Murphy, Kevin Leonard, Rory Moore and Stephen Flood, February 2024

Year: 2024

The island of Ireland is one of the most open economies in the world for trade and finance. While Ireland’s open economy, trade and finance links have helped to generate significant wealth and improve living standards, this also makes Ireland among the most vulnerable to climate change’s impacts on international trade. Transboundary Climate Risks (TCRs) cross national borders and are associated with the impacts of climate change. The Transboundary Climate Risks for the Island of Ireland (TCRII) project undertook a literature review and worked with stakeholders to identify approaches for the assessment of TCRs and synergies that can be leveraged on an all-island basis. The findings informed recommendations for better accounting for these emerging risks, to realise the national climate objective of achieving a climate-resilient economy and society by 2050.

Cover image for the Climate Change in the Irish Mind Insight Report 3

Climate Change in the Irish Mind Wave 1 Insight Report 3

Worry about Climate Change Impacts, February 2024

Year: 2024

This is a detailed examination of some of the findings of the 'Climate Change in the Irish Mind’ 2021, Wave 1 baseline study. The report explores strong correlations among worries about local environmental hazards and worries about future climate change hazards.

Cover image for the Climate Change in the Irish Mind Insight Report 4

Climate Change in the Irish Mind Wave 1 Insight Report 4

Intention Action Dynamic, February 2024

Year: 2024

This is a detailed examination of some of the findings of the 'Climate Change in the Irish Mind’ 2021, Wave 1 baseline study. The study reveals that high proportions of the population are likely to take at least one political action to reduce climate change in the next year, and that this intention is consistently in line with recent reported behaviour.

thumbnail image guidelines for the identification and proper managment of hazardous fractions in CandD waste

Guidelines for the identification and proper management of hazardous fractions in construction and demolition waste

Year: 2024

Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste is the largest waste stream in Ireland. Some of this waste can contain hazardous materials. The correct classification of C&D waste is the foundation for ensuring that its characterisation, storage, collection, transportation, and treatment / disposal is carried out in a manner that provides protection for the environment and human health, and in compliance with legal requirements. Identifying and separating hazardous waste also allows the remaining non-hazardous waste to be more safely and effectively recycled, which contributes to more circular management of resources. To this end, the EPA has published guidance which will assist with the identification, characterisation, and proper management of hazardous materials in C&D waste within Ireland. The guidance is one of a series of actions under the National Hazardous Waste Management Plan.

Hydrology Bulletin Cover Jan 2024

Hydrology Summary Bulletin - January 2024

Hydrology bulletin on rainfall, river flows, lake levels, groundwater levels and spring outflows for January 2024; published, February 2024

Year: 2024

Hydrology Summary Bulletin for January 2024 outlining the flows in rivers, rainfall, lake levels and turlough levels, groundwater levels and spring outflows of over 300 stations across Ireland

Research 448

Research 448: Antimicrobial Resistance and the Environment – Sources, Persistence, Transmission and Risk Management (AREST)

Authors: Dearbháile Morris, Niamh Cahill, Catherine Burgess, Enda Cummins, Finola Leonard, Brigid Hooban, Carlos Chique, Ciara Tyrrell, Shun Wang, Ciarán Monahan, Aoife Joyce, Kelly Fitzhenry, John Cullinan, Georgios Miliotis, Louise O’Connor, Deirdre Prendergast, Martin Cormican, Rita Gately, Rajat Nag, Fiona Brennan, Fiona Walsh and Xinmin Zhan, February 2024

Year: 2024

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is recognised globally as one of the greatest challenges to human and animal health. In 2021, Ireland’s second National Action Plan on AMR (iNAP2) strengthened Ireland’s commitment to tackling the challenge of AMR using the ‘One Health’ approach. The role of the environment in the persistence and transmission of AMR is the least studied element of the One Health paradigm. This was further highlighted by the analysis commissioned by the EPA in preparation for iNAP2. The findings of the AREST project add significantly to our understanding of this environmental dimension of AMR by (1) providing evidence of the extent of contamination of the Irish environment with antimicrobial-resistant organisms and antimicrobial resistance genes of clinical concern, (2) generating national-level data on the key sources, hotspots and drivers of AMR in the environment from the human health and agriculture sectors, and (3) providing key data and recommendations.

Eionet Ireland Network image and connected organistions

Eionet Ireland - Network brochure (February 2024)

Year: 2024

National Focal Points (NFPs) are the primary national contact points in the Eionet and the EEA works closely with them. Typically based in a national environment agency or environment ministry an NFP is appointed by their EEA member country. The Environmental Protection Agency acts as the NFP for Ireland, coordinating environmental information exchange with the EEA and others. In its NFP role, the EPA maintains and develops the national network. It also facilitates and coordinates contacts, requests and deliveries between national and EU level. The summary booklet was updated in February 2024.

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Guidance & Template for GPP Reporting by Government Departments

Reference year 2023, February 2024

Year: 2024

Guidance documents for Green Public Procurement for government departments

List of priority urban areas

Year: 2024

The list of priority areas where treatment must improve to resolve national environmental priorities at the end of 2023.

EPA List of Approved Laboratories - 2023

Year: 2024

List of the laboratories that performed satisfactorily in the EPA intercalibration programme.

Drinking Water Quality in Private Group Schemes and Small Private Supplies 2022

Year: 2024

This report provides an overview of the quality of drinking water in private group schemes and small private supplies.

Industrial and Waste Scheduled Applications: January - December 2024

Year: 2024

A list of the EPA's scheduled applications for January - December 2024

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EPA Drinking Water Remedial Action List Q4 of 2023

Year: 2024

An updated list of public drinking water supplies on the EPA's Remedial Action List

Research 447

Research 447: Macroalgal Blooms in Transitional and Coastal Waters; Management – Pressures,Policy and Solutions (MACRO-MAN)

Authors: Ricardo Bermejo, Nessa Golden, Sara Haro, Sita Karki, Michéal MacMonagail,Sara García-Poza, Teresa Navarrete-Fernández, Benedikt Brunner, Kay Knöller,Mark Healy, Owen Fenton, Per-Erik Mellander and Liam Morrison., January 2024

Year: 2024

Eutrophication of waters and consequent algal blooms place significant pressure on marine ecosystems. Reducing the nutrient load of these waters is essential for ecosystem restoration. The MACRO-MAN project developed innovative methods to assess the environmental quality of Irish estuaries, and to identify drivers of and management strategies for macroalgal blooms. The potential risks associated with macroalgal blooms were considered in a global change context (e.g., climate change, emerging contaminants, biological invasions) in order to investigate the impact on ecosystem functioning and services provided by Irish estuaries. Using Earth Observation technologies, the project mapped the spatial and temporal distribution of brown, green and red macroalgal blooms in Irish estuaries, including the reconstruction of the invasion of a red Asian seaweed (Gracilaria vermiculophylla) in the Clonakilty estuary.

cover image of EPA Highlights 2023

EPA Highlights 2023

Year: 2024

This review of 2023 showcases the EPA 's work in addressing environmental challenges across Ireland.

cover image of Guidance on the Safe Storage of Li-ion batteries at waste handling facilities

Guidance on the Safe Storage of Lithium-Ion Batteries at Waste Handling Facilities

Year: 2024

With the increased use of Lithium-ion batteries in Ireland in recent years, there has been an associated increase in Lithium-ion battery waste. If batteries become damaged or begin to fail, there is a significant risk of fire and release of hazardous substances. In response, the EPA has published Guidance on the Safe Storage of Lithium-Ion Batteries at Waste Handling Facilities. The guidance will be of interest to Operators of Civic Amenity Sites, Waste Management Facilities, as well as Retailers. The guidance is one of a series of actions under the National Hazardous Waste Management Plan.

Annual Report for the contained use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs – i.e. GM Plants) for 2023

Year: 2024

Annual Report for the contained use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs – i.e. GM Plants) for 2023