The Circular Economy graphic is showing the different stages of the circular economy.
Circular Economy goes beyond the management of waste and focusses on reducing the amount of raw materials we use and capturing and maximising the value of materials and resources all along the production and consumption chain. Waste is recycled where possible and brought back into production processes or used to create energy in preference to disposal to landfill.
In Ireland, our current waste policy is A Waste Action Plan for a Circular Economy. The government’s Circular Economy Strategy for Ireland is currently out for public consultation. The National Waste Prevention Programme is also being reconfigured into a Circular Economy Programme. At EU level, the European Green Deal includes a Circular Economy Action Plan, with a focus on sustainability and turning climate and environmental challenges into opportunities.