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Waste disposal and recovery activities in Ireland are required to hold an authorisation in accordance with the Waste Management Act 1996 as amended.
A four tier system of authorisation has been established for the regulation of such activities at a facility. A waste recovery or disposal activity at a facility is either:
Depending on the authorisation required these activities are controlled either by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or by Local Authorites within their own areas. All non-exempted Local Authority waste facility activities are regulated by the EPA.
The principal legislative texts governing the form of authorisation required for waste facilities are:
Waste stream specific regulation is articulated in:
Waste disposal or recovery activities at IPPC installations are regulated by an EPA Licence under the EPA (Licensing) Regulations 1994, as amended. Find out more about IPPC Licensing.
The Agency is the competent authority for granting and enforcing waste licences for specified waste activities listed in the 3rd and 4th Schedule to the Waste Management Act 1996 as amended. Such licences are granted for waste activities carried on by both local authorities and private operators.
The Agency issue Certificates of Registration to local authorities for smaller scale waste activities listed in the Third Schedule Part II of the Waste Management (Facility Permit Registration) Regulations, S.I 821 of 2007 as amended.
Local Authorities are the competent authorities for granting and enforcing Waste Permits and Certificates of Registration issued to Private Operators for those waste activities listed in the Third Schedule to the Waste Management (Facility Permit & Registration) Regulations S.I. No. 821 of 2007 as amended.
You may be unclear as to whether you need a waste licence, waste facility permit, a certificate of registration or whether you are exempt from all of these authorisations. In order to help you decide the Agency has prepared flow charts to help you determine which authorisation is required.
The question as to whether or not you are handling waste or a by product/resource may also be relevant. Two guidance documents available for reading are:-
Also notable is the text of a recent European Court of Justice (ECJ) judgement on waste. This ECJ judgement; in paragraphs 31-56 presents a good summary of ECJ jurisprudence on waste.
If having examined this guidance and the flowcharts you are still unsure as to which authorisation is required for your activity you may request the Agency to determine the question for you in accordance with Article 11 of the above Regulations in advance of making an application for either Licence, Permit or Certificate. Read more about the Article 11 Declaration process and access the Article 11 webform.
Read the full list of activities within the scope of 3rd and 4th Schedule to the Waste Management Act 1996 as amended.
Read more about Waste Licensing
Read the full list of activities that come within the scope of Third Schedule of the Waste Management (Facility Permit & Registration) Regulations, S.I 821 of 2007 as amended. Application Forms and Guidance Notes for Waste Licensing and Certificates of Registration
Download the Waste Licence Application Form and Guidance Notes for applicants.
Download the Certificate of Registration Application Form and Guidance Notes for applicants.
Waste Licence application Process
Certificate of Registration Application Process
Certificate of Registration Review Application Process
If you require additional information, contact the EPA's Environmental Licensing Programme at:
Office of Environmental Sustainability,PO Box 3000, Johnstown Castle Estate, County WexfordTel: Locall 1890 33 55 99 or 053 91 60600; Fax 053 91 60699.Email Licensing@epa.ie .
PO Box 3000 Johnstown Castle Estate Wexford, Y35 W821 053-916 0600Other EPA locations
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