Latest Climate Change reports

in: Research
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Research 326: The Role of Energy Technology in Climate Mitigation in Ireland: Irish TIMES Phase 3

Authors: Brian Ó Gallachóir, Paul Deane, James Glynn, Fionn Rogan, July 2020

Year: 2020

The continued rise in transport activity, energy consumption and emissions can be attributed to economic, technological and societal factors. A range of technoeconomic and socioeconomic analytical tools and models were developed and employed in this project to generate an evidence base that can inform decarbonisation-focused transport sector decision-taking and policymaking.

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Research 324: Emission Factors from Domestic-scale Solid-fuel Appliances (EFDOSOF)

Authors: W.J. Smith and C. Quinn, July 2020

Year: 2020

The Emission Factors from Domestic-scale Solid-fuel Appliances (EFDOSOF) study set out to establish representative, real-world emission factors (EFs) for the range of solid fuels used for residential combustion in Ireland. The improved EFs developed during this study will inform and improve Ireland’s response to the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and to the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive.

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Research 323: Critical Loads and Soil-Vegetation Modelling

Authors: Julian Aherne, Kayla Wilkins and Hazel Cathcart, July 2020

Year: 2020

This report presents results from the research project “Critical Loads and Soil-Vegetation Modelling”. The principal objectives of this project were to update critical loads of acidity and eutrophication for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Ireland, to evaluate the potential impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant species diversity.

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Research 321: Opportunities to Decarbonise the Irish Transport Sector

Authors: Eamonn Mulholland, Fionn Rogan, Tomás Mac Uidhir and Brian Ó Gallachóir, July 2020

Year: 2020

In 2017, the energy sector was responsible for 60% of Ireland’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The largest contributor to Ireland’s energy-related GHG emissions, at 33%, is the transport sector. A range of technoeconomic and socioeconomic analytical tools and models were developed and employed in this project to generate an evidence base that can inform decarbonisation focused transport sector decision-taking and policymaking.

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Research 320: Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change: An Approach Illustrated through Large Urban Scale Adaptation (Urb-ADAPT)

Authors: Roberta Paranunzio, Barry O’Dwyer, Paul J. Alexander, Marco Guerrini, Ned Dwyer and Jeremy Gault, July 2020

Year: 2020

Globally, climate change will have wide-ranging effects on all aspects of society, the environment and the economy. This is particularly the case for urban areas, which represent only a small fraction of the Earth’s surface (less than 3%) but are where more than half of the global population resides and concentrations of assets and economic activities are found.

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Climate Research Coordination Group: Second Report on Activities: January - December 2019

Authors: This report has been prepared by the EPA on behalf of the Climate Research Coordination Group, May 2020, June 2020

Year: 2020

This second report presents a summary of the Climate Research Coordination Group’s activities in 2019.

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Research 315: Activity Data for Emissions of Non-methane Volatile Organic Compounds

Authors: Stephen Barry and Bernadette O’Regan, April 2020

Year: 2020

Non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC) emissions from Solvent and Other Product Use have been estimated for 2006–2012. This included updating the activity data, emission factors and emissions data and compiling this information into a national emissions estimate for the specified years.

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Research 314: Deepening Public Engagement on Climate Change: Lessons from the Citizens’ Assembly

Authors: Laura Devaney, Diarmuid Torney, Pat Brereton and Martha Coleman, April 2020

Year: 2020

The Irish Citizens’ Assembly afforded 99 citizens the time, space and structure to deliberate on some of the most important issues facing Irish society and politics. The 13 climate recommendations agreed on by the citizens in consideration of “How the State can make Ireland a leader in tackling climate change” were significantly more radical than many expected. They encompassed a suite of sectors, solutions and policy actions.

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Research 310: EC-Earth Global Climate Simulations: Ireland’s Contributions to CMIP6

Authors: Paul Nolan and Alastair McKinstry , March 2020

Year: 2020

This report provides an overview of future global climate projections as simulated by the EC-Earth Earth system model. The global climate simulations described in this report constitute Ireland’s contribution to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) (phase 6) (CMIP6) and will be included for assessment in the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6)

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Research 305: BRIAR: Biomass Retrieval in Ireland using Active Remote sensing

Authors: Stuart Green, Shafique Martin, Saeid Gharechelou, Fiona Cawkwell and Kevin Black, December 2019

Year: 2019

Hedgerows are an important feature of the Irish landscape. They perform multiple functions, acting as boundary markers, reservoirs of biodiversity, controlling run-off and they store carbon in above-ground biomass. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of an active remote sensing tool, imaging radar, to estimate biomass in hedgerows.

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Research 304: Scaling Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions to the National Level

Authors: Mike G. Whitfield, Mohamed Abdalla, Giuseppe Benanti, William Burchill, Dru Marsh, Bruce Osborne, Brendan Roth, Matthew Saunders, Pete Smith and Mike Williams, December 2019

Year: 2019

This project was concerned with improving the national inventory of GHG emissions from Irish soils. The IPCC's Tier 2 and 3 methodologies were used, effectively upscaling regional data on N2O and CO2 to the national level, through a combined process-based model and geographic information system (GIS) approach.

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Research 302: Fossil Fuel Lock-in in Ireland: How Much Value Is at Risk?

Authors: Celine McInerney, Conor Hickey, Paul Deane, Joseph Curtin and Brian Ó Gallachóir, December 2019

Year: 2019

The European emissions reduction policy is clear and calls for the energy sectors, particularly the electricity sector, to be carbon neutral before 2050. The objective of this study is to examine how the decarbonisation of the power system will impact the investment case for both electricity generation and infrastructure assets.

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Research 301: Adaptive Responses to Climate Impacts (ARC)

Authors: Justin Doran, Thomas McDermott, Paul Kilgarriff, Swenja Surminski and Mauricio Perez Alaniz, November 2019

Year: 2019

Climate change is likely to lead to physical changes in temperature and precipitation and sea level rise, and Ireland is already experiencing the effects of climate change on its weather patterns. This project identifies several interacting factors that should be considered in designing efficient climate change adaptation strategies.

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Research 300: Climate Change in Irish Media

Authors: Eileen Culloty, Alan Smeaton, Jane Suiter, Padraig Murphy, Pat Brereton, Dian Zhang and Dave Robbins , November 2019

Year: 2019

Research indicates that public concern about climate change is largely derived from media consumption. This project investigated coverage trends on climate change across print, broadcast and online media in order to make recommendations for climate change communicators.

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Research 299: Assessment of Agricultural Activity on Drained Organic Soils

Authors: Jennifer B. Donlan, Jean O’Dwyer and Kenneth A. Byrne, November 2019

Year: 2019

Peatlands play a vital role in the carbon cycle in terms of carbon storage and biosphere–atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases. Drainage and conversion to agriculture dramatically alters these processes and transforms the ecosystem from a carbon sink to a carbon source. A key prerequisite for assessing the magnitude of such emissions is to estimate the area of peatland under agricultural use, in this case cultivation.

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Research 287: Catalysing and Characterising Transition

Authors: Geraint Ellis, Therese Hume, John Barry and Robin Curry, September 2019

Year: 2019

This synthesis report presents the main findings from a desk study on Catalysing and Characterising Transition (CCTransitions), which was funded by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

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Research 288: A Review of Livestock Methane Emission Factors

Authors: Donal O’Brien and Laurence Shalloo, September 2019

Year: 2019

Teagasc and University College Dublin, with support from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) inventory team, reviewed the livestock methane emission factors used in the national greenhouse gas inventory approach for the agriculture sector and assessed potential reduction strategies.

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Research 286: CON+AIR: Addressing Conflicts of Climate and Air Pollution

Authors: Eoin Ó Broin, Andrew Kelly, Gabriela Sousa Santos, Henrik Grythe and Luke Kelleher, September 2019

Year: 2019

The CON+AIR project presents two counterfactual scenarios for emissions and concentrations of air pollutants in Ireland in the year 2030.

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Research 277: Irish Climate Futures: Data for Decision-making

Authors: Conor Murphy, Ciaran Broderick, Tom K.R. Matthews, Simon Noone and Ciara Ryan, June 2019

Year: 2019

The realisation of a climate-resilient Ireland over the coming decades depends on decisions taken at all scales to adapt to climate change. Good decisions depend on the types and quality of information used to inform planning. Building resilience requires the diversification of the types of information used for understanding past and future climate variability and change, and a better understanding of the range of plausible changes.

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Climate Research Coordination Group: First Report on Activities: June 2017 - December 2018

Authors: This report has been prepared by the Climate Research Coordination Group with the assistance of Flannery Nagel Environmental Ltd. Edited by Frank McGovern, Alice Wemaere and Lisa Sheils (EPA). May 2019, May 2019

Year: 2019

This first report presents a summary of the Climate Research Coordination Group’s activities during an 18-month period from June 2017 to December 2018.