Ireland's Environment

Find out about the current state of Ireland's environment. Read about the current trends, causes, what's being done and outlook for each topic. Check out our additional resources and the most recent State of the Environment report: Ireland’s Environment - An Integrated Assessment 2020. Access its key messages and products.

What can you do?

Reduce your transport carbon footprint, improve the energy efficiency of your home and avoid food waste - climate actions you can take every day.

Ireland's Environment

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State of the Environment report

A clear national policy position for Ireland’s environment is required together with more integrated, coherent and ambitious environmental policy frameworks.

Highlights identified in the State of the Environment report


Act on the highlights identified in Ireland’s Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020. These outline the scale of the challenges to be tackled.

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Environment and wellbeing

Protecting the environment is an investment in our health and wellbeing.

Food crops relying on animal pollination to produce healthy and nutritious foods


Climate disruption, chemical exposure, and underinvestment in drinking water and wastewater treatment infrastructure are risks to our environment and our health.

plant in soil

Land and soil

Promote integrated land-mapping approaches to support decision-making on sustainable land use.

Agriculture is the primary land cover type in Ireland and covers


Good spatial planning can optimise economic development opportunities and ecosystem services while reducing social inequities and people's exposure to environmental pressures.



Ireland’s climate is changing. More urgency is needed to deliver climate mitigation and adaptation actions. The scale and pace of greenhouse gas emissions reductions must accelerate.

Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, energy and transport combined


Systemic change is required for Ireland to become the climate-neutral, climate-resilient society and economy that it aspires to be.

Singular white cloud logo for air


The WHO has described air pollution as the ‘single biggest environmental health risk’. Of growing concern are levels of particulate matter, due to domestic solid fuel burning, and levels of nitrogen dioxide in our urban areas, due to our dependence on the diesel and petrol fuelled vehicles.

In Ireland, the number of premature deaths attributable to air pollution is estimated to be at least

1,300 people

Integrating air pollution controls, noise mitigation measures and climate action (for example, in transport management) can bring multiple benefits.

water drop


Ireland’s water resources are an important natural asset. Clean, healthy water is essential for our economy, our aquatic wildlife and for our health and wellbeing.

54% of our surface waters are in good or better ecological status


Improve the water environment, tackle water pollution locally at a water catchment level and reduce human-induced pressures on the marine environment.



Nature and wild places are at risk in Ireland and need to be better safeguarded, both locally and in protected areas.

Assessed habitats that are of favourable conservation status


Safeguard nature and wild places as a national priority and to leave a legacy for future generations.

Half open waste bin


We are at a pivotal point in Ireland’s waste policy, legislation and planning.

Tonnes of waste generated in Ireland in 2020

16.2 million

Changing our behaviours on resource consumption, waste management and recycling are actions everyone can take to protect the environment.

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Sustainable economy

Move to a less wasteful and circular economy and to the use of clean energy systems. Progress towards a more environmentally-sustainable and carbon-neutral food production system.

Million tonnes of materials used in Ireland each year


The transition to a clean energy future for heating, electricity and transport is essential for the protection of human health, the climate and the environment.

Latest Publications

in: Assessment
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Ireland's Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020

Key Messages Booklet

Learn more about the key message and highlights from the State of the Environment Report 2020

Report cover
Ireland's Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020

Full report

An Integrated Assessment 2020 outling the state of Ireland’s environment at a strategic and national level.

Report cover
Ireland's Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020

Executive summary

Executive Summary: Ireland’s Environment An Integrated Assessment 2020

IE Maps and Charts booklet cover image - resized for web
Ireland's Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020

Ireland's Environment Maps and Charts

Ireland's Environment: Maps and Charts is a supplement to the EPA’s most recent State of the Environment report, Ireland's Environment: An Integrated Assessment 2020. It has been developed to visually present up-to-date data and assessment.