Industrial Emissions Licensing Process Explained


When applying to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for an Industrial Emissions licence or the review of a licence, you must satisfy a number of legislative requirements. These are largely set out in:

·    The EPA (Industrial Emissions) (Licensing) Regulations, 2013 (S.I. No. 137 of 2013) as amended by the EPA(Industrial Emissions)(Licensing)(Amendment) Regulations 2020 (S.I. No. 190 of 2020);

·    European Union (Industrial Emissions) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 138 of 2013);

·    The EPA Act 1992 as amended.

The application process involves a number of stages:

Stage 1: Pre-application

Before making an application you must:

·    Publish a notice in a newspaper circulating in the area;

·    Erect a notice on the site indicating that you propose to apply for a licence;

·    Notify the planning authority.

The content of the notices is set out in the EPA (Industrial Emissions) (Licensing) Regulations, 2013 (S.I. No. 137 of 2013) as amended by the EPA (Industrial Emissions)(Licensing) (Amendment) Regulations 2020 S.I. 190 of 2020.  View guidance for applicants on the content of newspaper notices and site notices at:

Stage 2: Making an application

Please note that in accordance with Regulation 9(1) of the Industrial Emissions and Integrated Pollution Control Licensing Regulations, from 1st December 2017 an application for a licence shall be submitted via the online licence application form available via EDEN.

This stage includes EPA assessment of the application and submissions on the application. In making an application, make sure that:

·    You use the specified application form;

·    You answer all questions (incomplete applications may be returned);

·    You pay special attention to the relevant BAT Guidance Note(s), if available at that time from the EPA;

·    You attach all necessary supporting documentation including the relevant fee.

If your application does not comply with the regulations, we may request additional information to achieve compliance. Where such a request is not fully complied with, we may:

• Repeat the request one month after the original deadline;
• On receipt of an adequate response, decide to proceed with the determination; or
• In the absence of a response, or where the response is deemed inadequate, initiate proceedings to declare the application abandoned.

An ‘adequate response’ is defined as one that fully addresses all queries in the Agency’s request for further information with sufficient information and detail to allow the inspector to progress the application.

We have eight weeks to assess your application before making a "proposed determination".

The eight-week period only starts when the necessary request(s) have been complied with. This period may be extended in certain circumstances, including by agreement with the applicant/licensee.

Before making a proposed determination we must take into account any written submissions received.

Stage 3: EPA proposed determination

We are required to indicate how we propose to determine an application, and will:

·    Publish a newspaper notice indicating how we propose to determine the application

·    Forward the proposed determination to all those who made a submission

·    Make the proposed determination available for public inspection on this website

·    Notify public bodies specified in the above mentioned regulations

Stage 4: Any objections on the proposed determination (including submissions on objections)

Any person or body (including the applicant for a licence or a licensee) can make an objection within 28 days of the proposed determination being issued.

The applicant and those submitting a valid objection will be issued with a copy of all valid objections. Submissions in relation to an objection can be made within one month of copies of the objection being circulated.

We cannot consider submissions on objections received after this one-month period, and cannot consider further submissions or elaborations.

We do, however, have the discretion, in the interests of justice and where in particular circumstances we consider appropriate, to request a party to an objection to make a submission in relation to any matter arising in the course of the objection.

Where appropriate, we may request a party to an objection to submit further information within a specified period.

Where no valid objection is made within the prescribed period, we will issue our decision as per the Proposed Determination.

Stage 5: Oral hearing

A person making a valid objection may request an oral hearing.

Stage 6: Our Final determination

In arriving at our decision, we will consider the application and all objections, submissions received and, where an oral hearing has been held, the report and recommendation of the person/s who conducted the hearing.

When a final determination (decision) has been made, we will notify:

·    The applicant/licensee

·    Anyone who made a written submission in relation to the application

·    Anyone who made a valid objection

·    Public bodies specified in the regulations

The decision will be made available for inspection on this website and published in a newspaper circulating in the area. Waivers and refunds for applications and objections of the fees may be allowed in certain limited circumstances.

Once a Decision has issued, a person can apply to the High Court and seek a judicial review of the validity of the Decision. Please see Stage 7 below.

Stage 7: Review of an existing licence

All requests from Licensees to carry out alterations or reconstruction works that effect emissions on site should be considered in the first instance by the Office of Environmental Enforcement. If the Office of Environmental Enforcement is of the view that the works or measures cannot be accommodated within the terms of the existing Licence, the Licensee is notified accordingly by the Office of Environmental Enforcement.

If a review of an existing licence is necessary, the Licensee must submit their review application to  the Environmental Licensing Programme of the Office of Climate, Licensing & Resource Use, in accordance with  EPA (Industrial Emissions) (Licensing) Regulations 2013. The review application must be made on the appropriate IED licence application form and must also state the grounds on which it is made and be accompanied by the required review fee.

The review process follows the same procedures as those for an application for an Industrial Emissions Licence.

The Agency can also initiate a review of a Licence in certain circumstances as outlined in Section 87(1)(b) of the EPA Act 1992 as amended.

Stage 8: Amendment of an existing licence

The Agency may amend a licence or revised licence for the purposes of:-

1.Correcting any clerical error therein,

2. Facilitating the doing of any thing pursuant to a condition attached to the licence where the doing of that thing may reasonably be regarded as having been contemplated by the terms of the condition or the terms of the licence taken as a whole but which was not expressly provided for in the condition, or

3.Otherwise facilitating the operation of the licence and the making of the amendment does not result in the relevant requirements of Section 83(5) ceasing to be satisfied.

View EPA guidance for licensees on requests for alterations.

Judicial Review Notice

Judicial Review of Environmental Protection Agency decisions under the provisions of the Environmental Protection Agency Act 1992 as amended
A person wishing to challenge the validity of an EPA decision may do so by way of judicial review only. The validity of a decision taken by the EPA may only be questioned by making an application for Judicial Review under Order 84 of the Rules of the Superior Courts (as amended). The Rules of the Superior Courts and all relevant amendments can be found at or  

Section 87(10)(a) of the EPA Act 1992 (as amended) provides that any application for judicial review must be made within eight weeks of the date on which the licence or revised licence is granted or the date on which the decision to refuse or not to grant the licence or revised licence is made.  Section 87(10)(b) allows the High Court extend this period in limited circumstances.

Further information on Judicial Review in environmental and planning matters may be found at (see
Disclaimer:  The above is intended for information purposes. It does not purport to be a legal interpretation of the relevant provisions and it would be advisable for persons contemplating judicial review proceedings to seek independent legal advice.

Learn more

·    Licence Application Form Instructions

·    Summary Flow Chart outlining the Industrial Emissions Licence process.

Find out more about:

·    Lodging a submission

·    Lodging an objection

·    Oral hearings

For further information, contact our Environmental Licensing Programme at:

Office of Environmental Sustainability
PO Box 3000
Johnstown Castle Estate
County Wexford
Telephone Locall 1890 33 55 99 or 053 91 60600