The holder of an EPA Licence is obliged to comply with the full suite of conditions in their Licence. These are designed to allow the operator to carry on their licensed activity without causing risk of harm to human health or the environment.

EPA inspectors continually track and assess each licensee’s compliance with their licence. Any breach of a licence condition is recorded by the EPA as a ‘non-compliance’.

The detection of a non-compliance is often the first step in the escalation of enforcement action by the EPA. We may, depending on the nature and significance of the non-compliance, open a Compliance Investigation into the cause or, where we think it necessary, mount a prosecution against the licensee.

The chart below shows non-compliances recorded during 2022.

Non-compliances at licensed sites during 2022

  • Non-compliances were recorded for 339 individual sites during 2022
  • Breaches of emission limit values accounted for 38% of non-compliances recorded
  • 8% of the non-compliances recorded were in relation to the licensed sites failure to report an incident that had occurred at the site
  • The Food & Drink (25%) and Waste (36%) sectors accounted for 61% of all non-compliances recorded during the period